Language Arts

Grade 1
  • Listens for meaning in discussion and conversation, follows directions, retells simple stories, and takes turns speaking   
  • Enhances understanding and enjoyment of literature by focusing on story meaning, connecting personal experiences to those in story, retelling and predicting events, etc.   
  • Knows names and sounds of letters, hears and writes sounds of consonants and dominant vowels Generates rhyming words, identifies and supplies nouns, adjectives and verbs  
  • Uses picture and context clues, phonetic analysis and level-appropriate sight vocabulary to decode and understand words, aiding comprehension
  • Uses knowledge of sight words, phonics and word analysis to decode words and syllabication   
  • Uses picture and context clues to aid comprehension Utilizes pre-writing strategies to plan, sequence and organize familiar forms of writing in an appropriate time order. 

Grade 2
  • Enhances reading skills through describing key story elements, writing chapter summaries, applying word attack and decoding skills, comparing and contrasting techniques, identifying key elements of genres, and utilizing inferential comprehension   
  • Strengthens writing skills through the study and practice of grammar, poetry, paragraph structure, letters, proofreading, spelling, phonics and research.

Grade 3
  • Learns to read for pleasure and understanding, identifies story elements, and responds to literal comprehension questions   
  • Increases vocabulary by developing word attack and decoding skills, and using context clues
  • Approaches writing as a process and a vehicle to develop a topic, express an opinion, organize information, and edit content   
  • Identifies parts of speech, sentence types, and components
  • Utilizes a variety of sentence structures
  • Applies rules of punctuation
  • Elaborates upon and supports ideas and opinions.

Grade 4
  • Answers literal and inferential questions after oral and silent reading   
  • Describes major story elements and traces character development throughout a story   
  • Develops a paragraph with a logical progression, supporting details, and conclusion Identifies, describes and applies the steps of the writing process   
  • Applies punctuation, capitalization and usage skills through practices and reinforcement
  • Responds to varied questions in discussions and in writing: factual, opinion and inferential.

Grade 5
  • Differentiates between key and minor events and between literal and inferential interpretations   
  • Identifies main ideas
  • Writes short essays that include topic and concluding sentences and meaningful supporting details   
  • Constructs meaningful arguments by gathering and organizing ideas and applying revision skills
  • Demonstrates an understanding of a strong written response including clarity, support, use of complete sentences, and proper mechanics   
  • Recognizes and corrects errors in punctuation, sentence structure, and word choice, and uses precise nouns and vivid verbs to clarify meaning.
An independent, coeducational, college preparatory day school, toddler through grade 12

Lower & Middle Schools, 5000 Clubside Rd, Lyndhurst, OH 44124
Birchwood School of Hawken, 4400 West 140th Street, Cleveland, OH 44135 

Upper School, PO Box 8002 (12465 County Line Rd), Gates Mills, OH 44040
Mastery School of Hawken, 11025 Magnolia Dr, Cleveland, OH 44106

Gries Center, 10823 Magnolia Dr, Cleveland, OH 44106

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