Mathematics

Grade 1
  • Counts up to 100   
  • Uses place value concepts   
  • Reads and writes the numerals for numbers to 100   
  • Represents fractions using words, numerals, and physical models   
  • Uses ordinal numbers to order objects   
  • Models, represents and explains multiple strategies for addition and subtraction processes up to 10   
  • Incorporates a variety of strategies to solve mathematical problems (including estimation) and explains to others the process used   
  • Identifies, creates, compares, and sorts two-and three-dimensional shapes while using attributes to describe them   
  • Tells time to the hour and half hour on digital and analog timepieces   
  • Estimates and measures length, volume and weight using non-standard and standard units of measure   
  • Sorts and classifies objects by multiple attributes   
  • Creates and extends more complex shaped and number patterns   
  • Describes and models a problem situation using words, objects, and number sentences   
  • Discusses possible outcomes of a math problem or scenario and predicts whether they are likely to occur


Grade 2
  • Counts beyond 100   
  • Uses place value concepts to represent, compare, add, subtract and order whole numbers using physical models, numerals and words   
  • Reads and writes numbers beyond 100   
  • Represents fractions using words, numerals and physical models on a consistent basis and compares equivalent fractions   
  • Models, represents and explains multiplication as repeated addition, rectangular arrays, and skip counting   
  • Models, represents and explains multiple strategies for addition and subtraction processes up to 18   
  • Identifies and determines whether two-dimensional shapes are congruent or similar by copying or using superposition   
  • Tells time to the minute on both analogue and digital timepieces and calculates elapsed time   
  • Sorts objects and explains the classification process   
  • Determines appropriate strategies to solve mathematical problems and communicates the steps involved in the process


Grade 3
  • Constructs and verbalizes a variety of materials and strategies to solve problems   
  • Applies mathematical vocabulary in written and oral explanations   
  • Demonstrates numbers sense and accuracy in computation   
  • Observes patterns using the 100 chart    
  • Grasps multiplication facts through 10    
  • Uses multiplication or division notation to correctly write number sentences


Grade 4
  • Demonstrates fluency in adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing   
  • Analyzes and solves multi-step problems   
  • Uses associative and distributive properties   
  • Identifies and generates equivalent forms of fractions   
  • Represents and interprets data using graphs   
  • Uses models and words to describe patterns and relationships   
  • Writes, solves and verifies solutions to multi-step problems using measurement


Grade 5
  • Compares and orders whole and decimal numbers   
  • Computes long division, addition, subtraction and multiplication of decimals   
  • Identifies fraction, percent and decimal equivalencies   
  • Simplifies and adds fractions   
  • Employs and communicates orally and in writing, various problem solving strategies
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An independent, coeducational, college preparatory day school, toddler through grade 12

Lower & Middle Schools, 5000 Clubside Rd, Lyndhurst, OH 44124
Birchwood School of Hawken, 4400 West 140th Street, Cleveland, OH 44135 

Upper School, PO Box 8002 (12465 County Line Rd), Gates Mills, OH 44040
Mastery School of Hawken, 11025 Magnolia Dr, Cleveland, OH 44106

Gries Center, 10823 Magnolia Dr, Cleveland, OH 44106

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